PRINTMAKING TECHNIQUES

STENCIL PRINTING

A print is made on the basis of paint permeable and non-permeable surfaces.

a) Stencil Printing: Template parts obtained by cutting from cardboard or metal sheet are the stains that form the main structure of the print. With the masking method, either the gaps in between are painted or paint is applied to the parts, and the printing is done.

b) Screen Print (also serigraphy, Fr. sèrigraphie, Ger. Siebdruck): The basic principle of this technique known as "screen printing" or "serigraphy" is masking. A special woven thin fabric (polyester, silk, terylene etc.) is stretched on wood or aluminum frames. The parts of the fabric to be printed are left open, and the other parts are covered. As the ink or paint is rubbed off with rubber, it passes down through the open pores of the pattern and onto the paper. The silk texture can be seen with a magnifying glass on the edges of the printed pattern. Since silk has historically been used as a material in this printing method, it is also known as "silk screen printing". The artist applies their pattern to the fabric in different ways. The simplest method is to cover the silk by the application of glue by hand. Another method is covering with adhesive paper. Emulsion-stencil film methods are based on exposure to light. Separate molds are used for each color in screen printing. Colors are printed sequentially by affixing the mold to a printing table.

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